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11 US Presidents Who Smoked Marijuana

While we’re really sure about the last three presidents’ history of pot smoking, the historical record is unclear about some of the rest. Here’s a look at the tokers and anti-tokers in the White House.

YES #44 – Barack Obama:

The current president wrote about his cocaine and marijuana use as a youth in Hawaii and famously said, “When I was a kid, I inhaled, frequently. That was the point,” when running for president in 2008.

YES #43 – George W. Bush:

Dubya was known as a cocaine user in his younger days, but he would never respond to questions about his marijuana use. Later, he told his biographer, Douglas Wead (yes, pronounced like “weed”), “I wouldn’t answer the marijuana questions. You know why? Because I don’t want some little kid doing what I tried.”

YES #42 – Bill Clinton:

Slick Willie famously said, “When I was in England, I experimented with marijuana a time or two, and I didn’t like it. I didn’t inhale and never tried it again,” when asked about his marijuana use. In true Clintonian fashion, he may have been telling the truth. The late Christopher Hitchens, who attended Oxford with Clinton, said Bill had an affinity for pot brownies, so he may not have ever tried “it” (inhaling) ever again.

NO #41 – George H. W. Bush:

It’s probably safe to say Poppy Bush never touched a reefer. He is the president who brought us the Drug Czar’s office and closed off the experimental federal medical marijuana program when AIDS victims started applying en masse. On the “scourge” of drugs, Bush specifically called for “intolerance” of drug users and prophetically announced that “Some think there won’t be room for them in jail. We’ll make room.”

NO #40 – Ronald Reagan:

Given that he died from Alzheimer’s disease, it is a shame the Gipper wasn’t able to embrace the cannabis medicine that could have protected his brain. Not that he would have used it, since Reagan told us, “I now have absolute proof that smoking even one marijuana cigarette is equal in brain damage to being on Bikini Island during an H-bomb blast.”

NO, BUT… #39 – Jimmy Carter:

Jimmy Carter says he’s never smoked pot, but there’s no doubt his son Chip did on the roof of the White House with Willie Nelson. Still, Carter was the most progressive president on pot in the War on Drugs era, telling Congress, “I support legislation amending Federal law to eliminate all Federal criminal penalties for the possession of up to one ounce of marijuana.”

NO #37 – Richard Nixon:

Tricky Dick is the one who brought us this War on Drugs in the first place. The Nixon Tapes are replete with Nixon’s mix of irrational hatred of marijuana and non-white races and ethnicities, with quotes like, “I want a Goddamn strong statement on marijuana, I mean one that just tears the ass out of them. You know, it’s a funny thing, every one of the bastards that are out for legalizing marijuana is Jewish.”

YES #35 – John F. Kennedy:

JFK used marijuana to deal with severe back pain, according to a few written accounts, including “John F. Kennedy: A Biography”, which described this White House scene: “On the evening of July 16, 1962, according to [Washington Post executive] Jim Truitt, Kennedy and Mary Meyer smoked marijuana together. … The president smoked three of the six joints Mary brought to him. At first he felt no effects. Then he closed his eyes and refused a fourth joint. ‘Suppose the Russians did something now,’ he said.”

From President #17 Andrew Johnson to President #34 Dwight Eisenhower, we have almost nothing in the way of historical record of presidents smoking pot. Pre-Civil War America was a land of hemp farmers and slaves who could commonly roll up some hemp leaf as a smoke. Post-Civil War America heralded the development of pre-rolled tobacco cigarettes and prejudice against the Mexican immigrants who smoked “marihuana”. Cannabis was becoming a patent medicine, so perhaps some presidents used it in that fashion. But by the turn of the 20 th century, the temperance movement was in full swing and states were beginning to prohibit cannabis. Pot smoking is not likely to be something the late 19 th and early 20 th century presidents wanted recorded for posterity, if they did it at all.

NO #16 – Abraham Lincoln:

The internet abounds with people claiming Honest Abe loved “a pipe of sweet hemp, and playing my Hohner harmonica.” Hohner didn’t make harmonicas until two years after the alleged quote and didn’t export them to America from Germany until 1868, four years after Abe’s assassination. Also, that oft-cited “Prohibition… goes beyond the bound of reason…” Lincoln quote? It’s a fake, written by a former mayor of Atlanta in 1922 to court black voters to oppose alcohol prohibition. That doesn’t necessarily mean Lincoln didn’t partake; we just have no proof that he did.

YES #14 – Franklin Pierce:

One of three military men to become president who enjoyed smoking marijuana with the troops fighting the Mexican-American War. In a letter to his family, Pierce wrote that marijuana smoking was “about the only good thing” about the war.

YES #12 – Zachary Taylor:

Another of the three military men who smoked marijuana with the troops.

YES #7 – Andrew Jackson:

Third of the three military men whose letters referred to smoking marijuana with the troops.

YES #5 – James Monroe:

Openly smoked hashish while he was Ambassador to France and continued smoking it until his death at age 73.

YES #4 – James Madison:

The “Father of the Constitution” claimed that hemp gave him the insight to create a new democratic nation.

YES #3 – Thomas Jefferson:

In addition to farming hemp, Jefferson was Ambassador to France during the hashish era there. At risk of imprisonment if caught, Jefferson smuggled hemp seeds from China known for their potency to America. However, as far as our research takes us, he never said or wrote, “Some of my finest hours have been spent sitting on my back veranda, smoking hemp and observing as far as my eye can see.”

YES #1 – George Washington:

The father of our country kept meticulous diaries, wherein he noted “Sowed hemp at muddy hole by swamp” away from the hemp he grew for fiber. “Began to separate the male from female plants at do [sic –rather too late” and “Pulling up the (male) hemp. Was too late for the blossom hemp by three weeks or a month” indicates he was going for female plants with higher THC content. There is also indication he used hemp preparations to deal with his toothaches.

While we’re really sure about the last three presidents’ history of pot smoking, the historical record is unclear about some of the rest. Here’s a look at the

Has Donald Trump Ever Smoked Marijuana? These Presidents Did, Including Barack Obama

More and more Americans think that marijuana should be legal. Plus, an increasing number of Americans now use marijuana. While some Americans are just coming around to the idea of allowing the use of marijuana, many presidents have been on board with the idea, reaching farther back into American history than you might think.

You probably know that Barack Obama has smoked marijuana. But what about Donald Trump? Read on to get the details on those presidents’ attitudes toward marijuana, and to discover which commanders-in-chief have given it a try.

1. George Washington grew hemp, but probably not the right kind

His plants probably didn’t contain as much THC as marijuana. | Wikimedia Commons

  • 1st president of the United States

The Daily Beast reports that George Washington, America’s first president, “may have been one of the nation’s original users of medicinal marijuana.” Washington had rotting teeth and dentures, both of which caused pain that some believe he treated with marijuana. In one of his letters, Washington wrote about harvesting female hemp plants. The implication? Perhaps he wanted the female plants for their higher THC content.

However, as The Daily Beast notes, it’s more likely that Washington was looking for the female plants for seeds to sow. Plus, while hemp and marijuana come from the same plant family, hemp doesn’t contain as much THC as marijuana. According to Mount Vernon, Cannabis sativa, the type of hemp that Washington grew, contains less than 0.3% THC. (Not enough to produce physical or psychological effects.) Conversely, Cannabis sativa indica, or marijuana, contains 6% to 20% THC.

Next: This president likely didn’t smoke marijuana.

2. John Adams probably didn’t smoke marijuana, either

He was a proponent of hemp. | Hulton Archive/Getty Images

  • 2nd president of the United States

It’s possible, though very unlikely, that John Adams tried marijuana. Weed News characterizes Adams as “a huge proponent” of industrial hemp in Colonial America. But Adams was almost certainly a fan of the kind of industrial hemp that colonists used to make rope, clothing, and paper. Nonetheless, he was a major advocate for that kind of cannabis plant. As Weed News explains:

There is a postscript to a column he wrote under the pseudonym Humphrey Ploughjogger for the Boston Evening-Post in 1763 where he states, ‘we shall by and by want a world of Hemp more for our own consumshon.’

Next: This president smuggled cannabis seeds into America. But did he ever smoke weed?

3. Thomas Jefferson smuggled cannabis seeds to America

He could have been thrown in prison for smuggling seeds. | Hulton Archive/Getty Images

  • 3rd president of the United States

The Daily Beast reports that Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson served as ambassadors to France during “the initial surge of the hashish vogue,” and Jefferson brought cannabis seeds from Europe to America “at great personal risk.” In fact, he could have been imprisoned for smuggling the seeds into the country.

Nonetheless, the publication notes that we have no direct evidence that Jefferson ever used the resulting crops for recreational purposes. Additionally, Franklin isn’t known to have smoked marijuana. But he did use laudanum, a mixture of alcohol and opium, to reduce pain caused by gout, kidney stones, and other ailments.

Next: This president could have smoked marijuana. But we aren’t sure.

4. James Madison might have smoked marijuana

He reportedly claimed hemp gave him “insight.” | GeorgiosArt/iStock/Getty Images

  • 4th president of the United States

Weed News reports that some speculate that James Madison smoked marijuana. But it’s far from definitive. As the publication explains of the limited evidence:

While the ‘Father of the Constitution’ claimed that hemp gave him the insight to create a new democratic nation, it is likely that President Madison is referring to the industrial variety of cannabis so prized by the early colonists. Still, some believe that the ‘insight’ part refers to the mind-altering properties of an ingested variety of cannabis.

Next: This president seems to have picked up the habit of smoking marijuana in France.

5. James Monroe might have smoked marijuana in France

He reportedly picked up the habit as an ambassador. | Wikimedia Commons

  • 5th president of the United States

As The Daily Beast reports, “James Monroe allegedly began smoking cannabis as Ambassador to France and maintained the habit into old age.” The Miller Center characterizes Monroe’s stint as a minister to France as “an eventful appointment that lasted two years.”

But even if Monroe did smoke marijuana with his French hosts, that wasn’t enough to salvage relations between the two nations. As the Miller Center explains, Monroe’s mission was to uphold George Washington’s policy of neutrality toward Britain and France (while assuring the French that America wasn’t favoring Britain). The French became convinced that the Jay Treaty that the U.S. signed with Great Britain altered the terms. Washington eventually recalled Monroe from France.

Next: This president used the drug during wartime.

6. Andrew Jackson used marijuana during wartime

He’s rumored to have smoked with his troops. | Wikimedia Commons

  • 7th president of the United States

The Daily Beast reports that Andrew Jackson is rumored to have smoked marijuana with his troops. Jackson reportedly fought in the American Revolution at age 13, and rose through the ranks to become a general and help win the War of 1812. It was his military career that propelled Jackson to the presidency.

But back to the reports that Jackson smoked marijuana: Seeker reports that Jackson openly used the drug on occasion. He used it, as well as tobacco cigars, at least during wartime.

Next: This president also smoked marijuana with his troops.

7. Zachary Taylor smoked marijuana with his troops

He also might have smoked with his troops. | National Archive/Getty Images

  • 12th president of the United States

The Daily Beast reports that Zachary Taylor is also rumored have smoked marijuana with his troops. The Miller Center reports that even in his childhood, Taylor aspired to a career in the military.

“Taylor received his first commission as an officer in 1808 and was immediately assigned to command the garrison at Fort Pickering, located in modern-day Memphis,” The Miller Center explains. “From that moment until his election as President, Taylor was in the military, stationed at a succession of frontier outposts.”

Next: A third president also smoked marijuana with his soldiers.

8. Franklin Pierce also smoked marijuana during wartime

He smoked during the Mexican-American War. | National Archive/Newsmakers/Getty Images

  • 14th president of the United States

According to The Daily Beast, rumor has it that Franklin Pierce also smoked marijuana with the troops he commanded during the Mexican-American War. In one letter he wrote to his family, Pierce seems to have characterized hemp as “about the only good thing” about serving in the war.

In fact, some have speculated that cannabis was “twice as popular” among American soldiers in the Mexican war as it was among U.S. troops in Vietnam.

Next: This president probably didn’t partake.

9. Abraham Lincoln didn’t smoke marijuana (as far as we know)

Rumors about his smoking might be false. | Alexander Gardner/Getty Images

  • 16th president of the United States

Weed News reports that some people believe that Abraham Lincoln smoked marijuana. But that belief seems based only “on a couple of quotes that have circulated across the internet.” The first of those quotes claims that Lincoln enjoyed smoking “a pipe of sweet hemp, and playing my Hohner harmonica.”

The only problem with that story, according to Weed News? Hohner didn’t make harmonicas until two years after the date of the alleged quote. And the company didn’t export them to America from Germany until 1868, four years after Lincoln’s assassination. Another quote erroneously attributed to Lincoln says that prohibition “goes beyond the bound of reason,” but was manufactured by an Atlanta mayor in 1922 to get voters to oppose the prohibition of alcohol.

Next: This president likely didn’t try marijuana, either.

10. Ulysses S. Grant probably didn’t smoke marijuana

He might not have smoked marijuana, but he did use cocaine. | Library of Congress/Wikimedia Commons

  • 18th president of the United States

Some speculate that Ulysses S. Grant used marijuana, too. A quote supposedly about marijuana reading, “It is of great value to the wounded and feeble, and that it is harmless,” is attributed — likely erroneously — to Grant. And we don’t have much evidence whether Grant partook of the drug or not.

However, Seeker reports that Grant did use cocaine. (That was before it became a controlled substance that came with a long jail sentence for abusers.) “Stricken with oral cancer, President Ulysses S. Grant used cocaine throat drops regularly to soothe his pain. In fact, Grant reportedly took cocaine while he wrote his now famous memoirs. He would remain addicted to the drug until the illness claimed his life at age 63.”

Next: This president definitely partook.

11. John F. Kennedy tried the drug (as well as many others)

He experimented with it for his back pain. | National Archive/Newsmakers/Getty Images

  • 35th president of the United States

The Daily Beast reports that in addition to painkillers and stimulants, John F. Kennedy allegedly experimented with marijuana to relieve his back pain. Several written accounts mention Kennedy’s marijuana usage. Among those, The Daily Beast points out a passage from John F. Kennedy: A Biography, which gave an apocryphal (and questionable) account of one White House scene:

On the evening of July 16, 1962, according to [Washington Post executive] Jim Truitt, Kennedy and Mary Meyer smoked marijuana together. … The president smoked three of the six joints Mary brought to him. At first he felt no effects. Then he closed his eyes and refused a fourth joint. ‘Suppose the Russians did something now,’ he said.

Next: This president seems to have hated marijuana.

12. Richard Nixon vilified marijuana

He hated marijuana. | Keystone/Getty Images

  • 37th president of the United States

As the man who brought the United States the war on drugs, Richard Nixon reportedly wanted the public “to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin.” A top Nixon adviser characterized the president’s war on drugs as a political move intended to help him attain and keep the presidency.

High Times reports that further, “The Nixon Tapes are replete with Nixon’s mix of irrational hatred of marijuana and non-white races and ethnicities, with quotes like, ‘I want a Goddamn strong statement on marijuana, I mean one that just tears the ass out of them. You know, it’s a funny thing, every one of the bastards that are out for legalizing marijuana is Jewish.’”

Next: This president supposedly never smoked marijuana.

13. Jimmy Carter has supposedly never smoked marijuana

He might not have smoked, but he was open to reducing penalties for marijuana possession. | Hulton Archive/Getty Images

  • 39th president of the United States

High Times reports that Jimmy Carter has reportedly never smoked marijuana. (Even though Carter’s son did smoke on the roof of the White House with Willie Nelson.) Nonetheless, the publication characterizes Carter as “the most progressive president on pot in the War on Drugs era.”

Carter once told Congress, “I support legislation amending Federal law to eliminate all Federal criminal penalties for the possession of up to one ounce of marijuana.”

Next: This president both smoked marijuana and tried pot brownies.

14. Bill Clinton smoked marijuana and tried pot brownies

He said he experimented while in England. | Stephen Jaffe/AFP/Getty Images

  • 42nd president of the United States

Time reports that Bill Clinton once admitted that he tried marijuana as a 20-something Rhodes Scholar at the University of Oxford. “I’ve never broken a state law,” Clinton said. “But when I was in England I experimented with marijuana a time or two, and I didn’t like it. I didn’t inhale it, and never tried it again.”

As High Times reports, Clinton may have been telling the truth. “The late Christopher Hitchens, who attended Oxford with Clinton, said Bill had an affinity for pot brownies, so he may not have ever tried ‘it’ (inhaling) ever again.” Interestingly enough, Clinton is far from alone in enjoying marijuana (one way or the other). As The Daily Beast points out, “every Democratic presidential nominee since 1992 is on record as having smoked pot: Bill Clinton, Al Gore, Barack Obama.”

Next: This president tried marijuana, too. But he wasn’t a Democrat.

15. George W. Bush tried marijuana

He’s admitted to smoking when he was younger. | Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

  • 43rd president of the United States

The Daily Beast reports that in a recorded interview with a friend, George W. Bush admitted to past marijuana use. Time notes that Bush wanted to avoid questions about his drug use because he didn’t want to set a bad example. He said that he didn’t want an American child to think, “President Bush tried marijuana, I think I will.” According to Weed News, Bush later admitted on The Tonight Show “I might’ve smoked something,” referring to his youthful indiscretions.

Bush wasn’t the only Republican nominee who tried marijuana. So did other Republican presidential candidates. “Newt Gingrich told the Wall Street Journal in 1996 he used to toke up. Even Rick Santorum admitted to smoking in college. Ditto, Sarah Palin when marijuana wasn’t illegal in Alaska.”

Next: Barack Obama definitely smoked marijuana.

16. Barack Obama smoked a lot of marijuana

He apparently smoked a lot. | Alex Wong/Getty Images

  • 44th president of the United States

Barack Obama has openly admitted to what The Daily Beast characterizes as “prodigious” marijuana use. The Week reports that as a high school student in Hawaii, Obama associated with a group of boys called “The Choom Gang.” The boys reportedly “loved basketball and good times,” and smoked plenty of marijuana.

Obama continued to smoke marijuana as an undergraduate at Occidental College in Los Angeles. And even when he ran for president, Obama was relatively open about his past drug use. But that didn’t stop Americans from feeling scandalized when one of Obama’s daughters got caught smoking at Lollapalooza.

Next: Did Donald Trump ever try marijuana?

17. Donald Trump says he’s never smoked marijuana

He’s said marijuana legislation should be up to the states. | Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images

  • 45th president of the United States

Vice reports that “Unlike the three presidents before him, Donald Trump swears he’s never smoked weed.” But the publication notes that on the campaign trail, Trump emphasized that his personal aversion to marijuana “had nothing to do with his politics.” He even said multiple times that marijuana legalization “should be up to the states.” However, that didn’t stop Trump’s Attorney General Jeff Sessions from launching what Vox terms a “new war” on marijuana legalization.

Trump may not smoke marijuana himself. But he famously inspired someone else to partake on at least one occasion. As Vanity Fair reports, Woody Harrelson claims that he had to smoke a joint halfway through a dinner party with Trump to get through the evening.

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Many presidents smoked marijuana. Has Donald Trump ever given it a try?