What is Humulene and What Does it Do?
Humulene is a terpene that’s pretty popular already. You may not know this, but you’re tasting humulene whenever you drink a beer. This is because this amazing terpene is responsible for the earthy and spicy notes that make beers so delicious. All varieties of beer have this distinct “hoppy” fragrance that comes from the Hops plant.
Also found in a few spices including ginger and herbs like sage, humulene is a powerhouse filled with medicinal qualities. Thanks to its anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory benefits, there’s a lot humulene can do. It’s also found in many cannabis strains. So, put your hands together for humulene – the wonderful terpene that makes your buds and beer taste wonderful.
Before we get to discussing humulene, you’ll understand everything better if you know more about terpenes.
1. What are terpenes?
Terpenes are organic aromatic compounds found in many plant species. To put it simply, they are like essential oils. Found in the resin glands of most plants, they are responsible to make plants smell or taste in a particular manner. Whether you love lemons for their citrusy fragrance or can’t get enough of pineapples for their taste, it’s because of the terpenes.
Although terpenes are found in many plants, some of them are unique to just cannabis strains. Some strains have more than 100-200 terpenes in them! Previously, one couldn’t talk about cannabis without mentioning cannabinoids, but the focus has certainly shifted a bit towards these magnificent terpenes now. And, rightly so.
Similarly, even researchers are a lot more interested in terpenes now. Not only will this help those in the medical field, but it will also remove the stigma attached to cannabis to a great extent. Terpenes enhance the healing powers of cannabis by interacting with other cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Well, of course, they interact with other cannabinoids too but THC and CBD are the most famous ones.
This is why you’ll see many people choosing full-spectrum cannabis oils instead of CBD isolates. Full-spectrum oils contain cannabinoids and all the terpenes found in the particular strain. In other words, you get to consume the plant as a whole rather than singling out the cannabinoids. As a result, the effect produced by all the terpenes and cannabinoids working hand-in-hand is known as the entourage effect.
The entourage effect exerts its power on the endocannabinoid system or ECS present in the human body. This synergy is believed to be extremely healing since cannabis produces endocannabinoids that are similar to the ones produced naturally by humans.
Humulene, just like other terpenes, plays a major role in uplifting your senses. So, let’s get down to understanding humulene and its effects in detail.
2. What is Humulene?
Also recognized as α-caryophyllene, humulene is a terpene that produces spicy and woody notes. These earthy notes are very evident when you drink a glass of beer. Also present in basil, black pepper, ginseng, coriander, marsh elders, tobacco, clove, and many other herbs and spices, humulene is also used for its topical properties. For instance, ginseng is used for a variety of ailments, which means that humulene is used indirectly to treat several issues.
Thanks to ancient medicinal practices by the Chinese and scholars in India, the effects of humulene have been long recognized. It may be something new for you, but humulene’s healing powers have been a topic of discussion for many centuries. Present in most essential oils in small and large quantities depending on the plant species, humulene is used even in aromatherapy. These therapeutic essential oils are used to mainly reduce chronic pain.
Along with popular terpenes like myrcene and pinene, humulene is one of the most famous and common terpenes you’ll find. Chinese apothecaries used humulene in high dosages to treat problems. And, this is why you’ll see ginseng promoted so much by the Chinese. Used as a natural remedy to boost energy and remove fatigue, ginseng is also used to increase stamina. Most supplements sold to increase sexual stamina contains ginseng because it boosts your failing energy and works as an antibiotic.
3. What are the benefits of humulene?
Humulene does have a lot of benefits:
Humulene has many benefits, and patients relying on cannabis to help with their ailments understand this better. First off, it works to suppress appetite. What does that do? Well, it helps those with obesity resist food and lose weight. By suppressing any activity in the body’s satiety pathways, it reduces your desire to eat. Many natural supplements contain humulene as an active ingredient because it works to help you cut down on extra weight.
It works in a fashion that’s very similar to a cannabinoid known as THCV. THCV is mainly present in cannabis buds in their raw form. Once you introduce the buds to the process of decarboxylation by either lighting a joint or baking the buds in the oven to make edibles, it converts to THC. Humulene and THCV both work together to suppress your appetite.
Most people think that all types of cannabis strains make you hungry, but that’s not true. Some strains actually help you reduce your sudden urge to gulp everything in front of you.
Anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties
Humulene works actively to fight against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria according to this study 1 . Apart from this study, there are many more that depict the usefulness of humulene to treat many ailments. This is why humulene is used in aromatherapy now.
Sci e ntists have conducted quite a few studies to understand the importance of humulene as an anti-inflammatory agent. A study 2 published in 2007 found that caryophyllene along with humulene displayed properties that were considered anti-inflammatory. In 2008 3 , researchers found that humulene worked quite effectively to reduce inflammation. Additionally, they discovered that it worked to reduce pain and provide relief.
A year later in 2009 4 , they found that humulene possessed anti-inflammatory properties. Whether it was administered orally or topically, the effects were evident. The discovery was indeed important because the researchers realized that humulene reduced allergic inflammation by decreasing inflammatory mediators.
In fact, they found that the effects of humulene as an anti-inflammatory was so strong that it could be compared to dexamethasone – a drug used to treat asthma, allergies and even rheumatic problems.
In other words, humulene can be used as an anti-inflammatory agent. Of course, a lot more studies are needed from physicians to prescribe cannabis strains containing humulene, but such studies give us a lot of hope.
4. What cannabis strains contain humulene?
Humulene is usually found in large quantities in all Kush strains. Thus, they are present in OG Kush and all other Kush varieties. You can either choose to grow strains like West Coast OG auto or simply choose from our original line seeds containing OG Kush, White Widow and many other strains.
Humulene is present in Gelato as well, not to mention Girl Scout Cookies. Gorilla Glue and Cream Cookies also contain loads of humulene, and this is exactly why you feel so heavy and relaxed when you smoke strains with humulene.
Humulene is a terpene that’s pretty popular already. You may not know this, but you’re tasting humulene whenever you drink a beer. This is because t
Cannabis Terpenes: Humulene
Humulene is a terpene common to many herbs and flowers. Marijuana contains substantial amounts of this essential oil. This attractive-smelling compound is known to have many beneficial uses. Find out more about how terpenes like humulene are changing the cannabis game.
There are over 20,000 known terpenes present in various plant and animal species on earth. Terpenes are the compounds that give spring blossoms their sweetness and sweaty socks their skank. They have tongue-tricking names like monocyclic sesquiterpenes and unconjugated dienes. Our world would be flavourless and aroma-less if terpenes did not exist.
Humulene, formerly known as α-caryophyllene, is one of the core cannabis terpenes, along with myrcene and terpinolene, limonene, pinene, and geraniol. These six impart the marijuana-ness of the delicious aromas that all cannabis shares. Terpene concentration varies from strain to strain, but thanks to these volatile compounds, marijuana retains its distinctive, beloved scent. Other terpenes such as terpinene and camphene offer unique benefits to fragrances and cosmetic products, but cannabis is one of the predominant venues where terpenes really shine.
Humulene is a very common terpene in nature. It is responsible for the distinct bouquets and flavours of a number of well-known herbs and products. Beer would not be beer without the hoppy taste that humulene gives to the hop plant. The unmistakable tang that makes beer so refreshing is thanks to this delicious essential oil. It is also the reason that culinary sage, ginger, and ginseng have their burning bite. It is humulene, combined with pinene, that announces a pine forest in a summer breeze.
HUMULENE AND CANNABIS
The cannabis plant produces humulene as part of its natural defences. Many other terpenes and over one hundred cannabinoids are produced in the resin of mature flowers. They act together as antifungal agents and anti-desiccants, antibiotics, and antibacterials. The same resins inhibit predation from insect pests and animals. It is exactly these qualities that make the essential oils contained in marijuana so useful. In the home, they can be extracted and utilised day-to-day as topical skin balms for inflammation or as natural pesticides. In the clinic, they can be applied as powerful antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agents.
Humulene is always part of the cannabis terpene profile. Therefore, this prolific oil plays a part in all of the modified genotypes of different strains. Humulene helps distinguish fragrances, recreational effects, and overall therapeutic efficacy. Humulene is a well-researched compound and breeders are endeavouring to produce high humulene strains in effort to up the therapeutic ante of cannabis.
THE EFFECTS OF HUMULENE
The effectiveness of many herbal medicines is due to their humulene content. Remedies in ancient Chinese apothecaries were notably high in humulene. Humulene is released when hops are steeped and can be used as an effective sedative. In the same vein, pepper and ginseng (both containing humulene) can be prepared as natural antibiotics.
Humulene acts as an antibacterial agent and has anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties. In small quantities,  it has been shown to kill the S.aureus bacteria. A 2003  study showed that humulene, especially when acting in concert with other terpenes and cannabinoids, killed cancer cells. The most recent  studies concluded  that humulene was as effective of an anti-inflammatory as the steroidal drug dexamethasone. Further still, humulene is frequently invoked as an appetite suppressant, which may lead to more widespread use in the future.
CANNABIS STRAINS HIGH IN HUMULENE
White Widow sits firmly upon the pantheon of legendary strains, and her name is known by even the most novice of smokers. The earthy and piney aromas that radiate from these dense and resinous flowers are thanks in part to humulene. These flavours can be harnessed, and the high enhanced, by using these buds to create edibles. An even balance between sativa and indica genetics results in a high that targets both body and mind. A medium CBD content grounds the effects, preventing the high from becoming too intense.
Indoors, White Widow reaches 60–100cm in height and churns out 450–500g/m² after 8–9 weeks of bloom. Outdoor plants achieve a max yield of 600g/plant and peak at a height of 190cm. Get ready to harvest these buds during the tail-end of October.
OG Kush stems from the mecca of cannabis cultivation: Northern California. The strain has gained a massive following, and is now grown and consumed all over the planet. There is some controversy revolving around this variety, as the meaning of the “OG” in her name is debated. However, what is known about OG Kush is the high level of humulene in her flowers. This terpene produces a delicious hint of pine complemented by tastes of citrus and fruit bestowed by other terpenes. This indica-dominant classic was created through the crossbreeding of parent strains Chemdawg, Lemon Thai, and Pakistani Kush. Her high is physical, stoning, and sedating at high doses.
OG Kush is a tolerant strain that feels at home in a mild environment. If grown indoors, one can expect a yield of up to 475g/m² after 7–9 weeks of flowering. Plants grown outdoors put out 525g/plant and peak at a height of 220cm.
Despite her sour taste, Sour Diesel indeed contains humulene, and notes of earth are detectable when smoked. Another example of prime Californian genetics, Sour Diesel descends from an impressive lineage of Original Diesel, Northern Light, Shiva, and Hawaiian genetics. A sativa-dominant strain, Sour Diesel provides a clear-headed, cognitive high that boosts focus and offers slight stimulation. The positive feelings experienced after smoking a joint of this strain may assist with low mood and stress.
Sour Diesel has a moderate growing difficulty and favours warm weather. Indoor cultivation is ideal unless growing outdoors in areas like Spain or California. Indoor plants will produce a yield of around 500g/m² after 10–11 weeks of flowering. When grown outdoors under the hot sun, Sour Diesel will provide up to 600g/plant by late October.
Cannabis owes its distinctive fragrance in part to humulene. This terpene can provide powerful therapeutic effects.